Irregular Bleeding Around the time of and after Menopause

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The term menopause is used to describe the last period of menstruation in a woman’s life. In Europe the average age is 52 and there are women who, at that particular period of time, experience irregular bleeding. In case that bleeding continues for more than a year after menopause, women should investigate promptly the possibility of threatening uterine abnormalities. However, bleeding is usually caused by hormonal problems or other abnormalities, such as endometrial polyps. An ultrasound examination can reassure women that the uterus is healthy and that no further tests are required. An ultrasound examination can also detect benign endometrial polyps or suspected uterine cancer, but the latest requires diagnostic confirmation by endometrial biopsy. All women diagnosed with cancer are referred to specialist physicians immediately.